Ghosts of Arizona Paranormal Society


Approved Terminology

Anomaly:  An occurrence or condition removed from ordinarily understood experiences.

Apparition; The projection or manifestation of a quasi-physical entity.

Debunk; To expose or excoriate as being pretentious, false, or exaggerated.

Demonic Activity; Demons are one of the inhuman entities out there, they are a rare occurrence.

Ectoplasm: The visible substance believed to emanate from the body of a spiritualistic medium during communication with the dead.

Electromagnetic Field (EMF)

EMF meters measure levels of electromagnetic radiation which ghost hunters believe apparitions emit when they are attempting to manifest. This radiation originates from a wide variety of sources, including the earth, people, electronics and power lines. Quality Paranormal Investigators will use an EMF Detector to do baseline readings prior to the investigation and debunk anything showing up before the investigation and log it.  (see mel-meter and K2 meter on our equipment page.)       

E.V.P.: Electronic Voice Phenomena, disembodied & voices and sounds imprinted on audio recording devices. (Listen to evps on our audio page)

Ghost: A ghost is the energy, of a person who has died and has somehow gotten stuck between this existence and the next.(whatever that may be)

Most researchers believe that these spirits do not know they are deceased. Very often they have died under traumatic, unusual or highly emotional circumstances.

Ghost Hunting: Various investigation methods used to determine the authenticity of ghosts and haunting. (paranormal activity)

Provoking: There is an accepted scientific theory that the presence of an observer always changes the nature of the observed. 

A serious investigator in any field tries to minimize this as much as possible. 
By provoking the spirit, the paranormal investigator is impacting the situation in the most dramatic manner possible. 
If your aim is just to get a result, any result, it might be worth it. 
But if your aim is to discover the nature and purpose of the spirit and to help the client deal with it,
perhaps even convince the spirit to move on, you’ve just defeated your own purpose.

Provoking spirits is ultimately irresponsible. 
When the night is over, the investigator gets to go home with another anecdote to add to his collection. 
But the client is stuck with a "pissed off" ghost.
Very few clients come to a paranormal investigator because they’re comfortable with the activity in their home or place of business.
They come to us for help, for answers and for understanding.
The least we can do is act professionally.
We can’t promise results but we can promise "to do no harm."
There is an accepted scientific theory that the presence of an observer always changes the nature of the observed. 
A serious investigator in any field tries to minimize this as much as possible. 
By provoking the spirit, the paranormal investigator is impacting the situation in the most dramatic manner possible. 
If your aim is just to get a result, any result, it might be worth it. 
But if your aim is to discover the nature and purpose of the spirit and to help the client deal with it,
perhaps even convince the spirit to move on, you’ve just defeated your own purpose.

Provoking spirits is ultimately irresponsible. 
When the night is over, the investigator gets to go home with another anecdote to add to his collection. 
But the client is stuck with a "pissed off" ghost.
Very few clients come to a paranormal investigator because they’re comfortable with the activity in their home or place of business.
They come to us for help, for answers and for understanding.
The least we can do is act professionally.
We can’t promise results but we can promise "to do no harm."

Full Spectrum Light:

A full spectrum light has infrared lights, ultraviolet lights and lights to mimic visible light typically red, blue and green lights.

Since a full spectrum camera can see in all three spectrum's you can take advantage of that by using a full spectrum light. For larger indoor areas you may need to use two of these to obtain the desire brightness.

Infrared lights are invisible to the naked eye but most LED have a reddish dye in them that you can see to tell if it is on.
You can use this with any of the cameras but if you use it with a wide spectrum or full spectrum camera, you will only be seeing in IR, nothing else.

If you have a camera that has been modified to see in Full Spectrum there are some things you need to understand.

First, these cameras, once modified, permanently see in the format they were changed too that means even with the lights on or in daylight you can take infrared full spectrum photos. Another difference is that these cameras always see in color. (Its usually a pinkish to purplish in color)

In Full spectrum cameras you will see a bit more color diversity but there will be a pink to purple tint to your photos, as well because you are seeing the infrared spectrum as well as other spectrum's.


Wearing or using a Star: The pentagram has long been believed to be a potent protection against evil, a symbol of conflict that shields the wearer and the home. The pentagram has five spiked wards and a womb shaped defensive, protective pentagon at the center. The Pentagram is a symbol of a star encased in a circle.

Always with 5 points (one pointing upward), each has its own meaning. The upward point of the star is representative of the spirit. The other four points all represent an element; earth, air, fire, and water. All these things contribute to life and are a part of each of us. To wear a pentagram necklace or other form of jewelry, is to say you feel the connection with the elements and respect the earth.

Up until medieval times, the five points of the pentagram represented the five wounds of Christ on the Cross. It was a symbol of Christ the Savior. This is in stark contrast to today where the pentagram is criticized by modern Fundamentalist Christians, as being a symbol of evil.

The church eventually chose the cross as a more significant symbol for Christianity, and the use of the pentagram as a Christian symbol gradually ceased.



** Course Sea Salt, This can help protect you from evil coming into you home if placed on the ground across doorways, on window seals, and any other outdoor area. (its also good for cooking.)

** Onyx Stone: Black / White / Grey,  This stone will help overcome feelings of  loneliness.

** Crystals: (In General), Protection from evil.

** Quartz: colorless or White, All around healing stone. Brings good luck.

** Agate: Brown / Blue / Gray, The hardness and durability of this stone bring stability to your life.

** Azurite: Promotes the healing of arthritis and helps relieve joint soreness.

** Howlite: with flecks of grey, Aids in breathing - particularly for asthma suffers.

** Aragonite: Cloudy, milky white, orange. Thoughts and emotions will be defined.                                                                                                                                      ** Amethyst: The six sided point of an amethyst crystal will point you in the right direction.

** Carnelian: Red-Orange / Orange-Brown, The fiery orange color invokes passion and love. Increases energy.

** Gold: Its bright shiny appearance allows you to have a good outlook and "many" friends..!!!!!

** Herkimer Diamond: This quartz crystal with points on either end helps your mind to focus.

** Rose Quarts: Aids in improving your self image.

** Sapphire: Promotes good judgement.

** Selenite: Smokers that want to quit smoking should carry this stone.

** Hematite: Reddish-Orange on the outside, turns metallic when polished. This iron ore strengthens the blood and improves circulation.

** Silver: Aids in the flow of blood to organs throughout the body.

** Turquoise: Aids in relieving anger. Consider to be a lucky stone. May have altering effects in your mood.

** Topaz: Relieve from the common cold. This stone may prevent procrastination.

** Unakite: This stone promotes self growth and strength.  It also prevents kidney stones.

** Celestite: White to light blue, Promotes self awareness and awareness of the world around you.

(if you actually have a major healing problem, always see a medical professional.)

(Information above from a natural healing sight on the internet. Name unknown.)



Beyond the range of normal experience or scientific explanation.


These are physical energy manifestations of the dead in paranormal lour. These shadow people are often associated with sites of dramatic deaths. We believe that shadow people would fall under a residual haunting.


An anomaly which sometimes shows up in still photography taken at the site of a suspected haunting, appearing as a translucent white mass. It can be seen in different shapes, some researches believe this is a portal to the spirit realm. (A black hole)

Are Ghosts Evil? (quoted from an outside source)

Despite the teachings of some religious faiths, traditional ghosts are not evil or harmful. Over the years, some have come to believe that study of the paranormal is linked to the occult arts. This has prompted many people to think that ghosts and demons are one in the same. Many faiths teach that communing with spirits is wrong and this has led the followers of these faiths to assume that, because it is considered wrong, the spirits themselves must be evil. In addition, I have spoken with people who feel that ghosts are not the benign spirits of the dead at all, but demons who pretend to be ghosts in order to kill, maim and terrify the living. Needless to say, there is absolutely no evidence whatsoever to suggest that this is the truth.

>> Which leads us to our next question..

Do Ghosts Hurt People? (quoted from an outside source)

There have been instances of people being hurt by ghosts and by paranormal activity in their homes. However, it should be stressed that this is not the normal state of affairs and that instances of injury (caused directly by spirits) are very , very rare. Injuries have been reported because of displaced objects in a haunting and people have also been injured in accidents, usually caused by a fear of the activity. I have often stated that more people are injured running away from a haunted house than by anything going on there. In fact, (despite what Hollywood tends to portray) cases involving injury are so rare that we tend to focus on them for years afterward. Many readers may be familiar with the story of the Bell Witch of Tennessee, a ghost that purportedly not only injured the occupants of the location but also took credit for killing one of them. This event happened nearly two centuries ago and we are still taking about it today. Thats how seldom people are ever really hurt by ghosts.


 Orbs: Classifying, Debunking, the Theory.


Round, opaque lights of energy captured on film.. Or are they just moisture spots, dust floating in the air, or possibly a small flying insect.. You be the judge..

Orbs are the most debated part of the evidence at this point in the history of paranormal investigation and although dust, water droplets, snow, pollen, water vapor, mold spores and other such material can mimic the way orbs look physically, there are important differences that must be carefully examined and identified before an anomaly can truly be called an orb. As a generally accepted rule there are three questions an investigator can use to determine if an orb is genuine or if it is some sort of airborne particulate matter.  They are as follows.

Is the orb in question perfectly circular? By definition an orb is a circular or sphere shaped object. If an orb in question is elliptical, oval, diamond shaped, etc. it is not a true orb...therefore, the potential for an airborne particle is almost 90%

Is the orb three dimensional? Does it stand out from its surroundings and/or have depth in the photograph? If not it is probably airborne particulate matter or something on the camera lens.

Is the orb self-luminous - does it emit its own light?

Orb Brightness:

HDO – High Density Orbs are the least common of the two types of orbs. Generally, these orbs are the only anomaly in a photo, are opaque (solid) in appearance and glow brightly from within. These orbs are usually of magnitudes two (bright) and three (super bright).

LDO – Low Density Orbs are the more common of the two types of orbs and are generally what is thought of when the subject of orbs is mentioned as these can very closely resemble airborne particulate matter. The primary difference between these orbs and airborne matter is that, although they are translucent, they are light emissive. This type of orb is of a magnitude zero (almost completely dark) or one (dim).

Much like stars in the night sky, orbs can be measured by their magnitude (brightness) in a photo. Although this is really only a theoretical system for classifying photographic data for investigation purposes I believe that it will prove useful for those serious enough to explore it.
The basic idea behind orb magnitude is that investigators can now classify orbs so that they may be understood in relation to events such as solar flares, geomagnetic storms, etc. so that a pattern of activity may be established. Orbs rated by magnitude will follow an ascending scale from zero (0) least bright to three (3) most bright.

The Actual Theory on Orbs:

Refraction Rings

Arguably, the most common causes of orbs are dust and other airborne particles, or even small flying insects. When solid particles are floating just inches in front of the camera's lens, then the photographic flash makes them very bright. This particle is out of focus, so it just shows up as a round spot of light in the picture. Moisture in the air can also catch the light and cause orbs. It is important to know if the air was damp the day the picture was taken or if it was raining or snowing. These particles, when exposed to the flash, because refraction rings that form within the orb which can easily be seen without much effort. These rings are caused by the particle refracting the light back to the lens; different particles may have different rings and different types of rings.

Orbs can also be created by bright lights in an area where the photo is being taken, by angles of light and by many types of artificial lighting. Lens flare is caused when there's a bright light, like the sun, in the picture or just outside of it. The source of light reflects off a portion of the lens, and creates internal reflections of the aperture of the camera. Colored orbs may be just dependent on what light refraction's were present when the photos were taken. While rare (except in some heavy swampy marsh areas), ball lightning may also be mistaken for an orb and may fit all the requirements previously stated.

Some have argued that these anomalies could still be dust or airborne particulate matter. Potentially, however unless the dust was radioactive it probably would not glow of its own accord. Dust, water vapor/droplets, pollen, mold spores and other such materials can only be photographed within a few feet of the camera which is generally the effective flash distance – any orb outside of this range that meets the three primary criteria could not be disproved by this line of reasoning (unless it was a bright light seen off in the distance.. such as building lights, lights off of towers, solar grave marker lights, reflections of reflective surfaces, or dim lights commonly seen within the home). More often than not I have seen photos taken by someone that is of some sort of airborne particulate matter which they believe is an orb. When I have tried to explain, by the reasoning utilized in the three questions previously outlined, that what they have photographed is not a real orb some people have become upset and insist that it is an orb that they photographed. Some people so desperately want to believe that they have captured ghostly activity in their photo and because of this they will not listen to any logic or scientific reason that would indicate anything other than what they want to believe. If you are evaluating a photograph and the anomaly in the photo does not meet the minimum three requirements as stated above, whatever is in the photo is, almost without question, not a true orb. In order to avoid this “is it or isn’t it?” argument if someone still insists that it is an orb because it has an unusual color you may want to refer to the following list:

Yellow, Orange or Red orbs = Pollen
Green or Blue orbs = Mold Spores
Grey orbs = Dust
White or Blue orbs = Snow, water or dust

This Theory was formed out of discussions between Larry Eissler and Dan Norvell of Small Town Paranormal.



 (Blessing a home)

William Buchan
Domestic Medicine 2nd edition 1785

Tar water is like a double edge sword; it can be used for cleansing and protection but it can also be used in crossing works. Today we are looking at it for cleansing and protection.
It’s hard to find tar now days but you can find Creolina which is a commercial brand sold in some Ole stores.
Creolina is a coal tar deodorant cleaner’s it can be used to spiritually cleans the inside and the outside of the house.
This stuff smells really bad but it works.

Creolina one cap or two mixed with one gallon holy water, some sea salt and a rusty nail, can offer an added protection to your house and yard.
Place in a spray bottle or use in an eye dropper to cleanse the house.
Make a one gallon jug up and dress the 4 corners of the yard and around the house. Creolina will also kill any tricks that have been thrown in your yard.

You can also wash your door, stoop and sidewalk down once a week to bring in blessings. Make up a second bottle and pour it at the end of your walk way in a straight line. This will put a straight line of protection across your walk way;
if anything or anyone tries to cause you issues they have to cross that spiritual line.

This stuff smells really bad and you have to be careful because it can burn the skin. Never work with it unless you have added Holy water to it.
This may seem like simple work but it is powerful.


Norway Tar or Tar Water is quite often used in the remedies found here.

What is Norway Tar, how is it made, and what are its uses?

Tar-water is a Medieval medicine consisting of pine tar and water. It was foul tasting and so slowly dropped in popularity, but was revived in the Victorian era.

The use of the medicine is mentioned in Great Expectations, Chapter 2 by Charles Dickens. Young Pip and his brother in law Joe were often force fed it by Mrs. Joe, Pip’s elder sister, whether they were ill or not, as sort of cruel punishment.

The physician Cadwallader Colden extolled the virtues of pine resin steeped in water. This concotion also was called “Tar water”. 
The philosopher George Berkeley also lauded tar water in his tract Siris.

In the introduction of his Journal of A Voyage to Lisbon, Henry Fielding considers tar-water a panacea for treating dropsy: “But even such a panacea one of the greatest scholars and best of men did lately apprehend he had discovered (…). The reader, I think, will scarce need to be informed that the writer I mean is the late bishop of Cloyne, in Ireland, and the discovery that of the virtues of tar-water”. By the Bishop of Cloyne, Fielding refers to the above mentioned philosopher George Berkeley.

Pine tar is widely used as a veterinary care product. It is a traditional antiseptic and hoof care product for horses and cattle. Pine tar has also been used to make medicinal soap for people with skin ailments.

Bishop Berkeley (George Berkeley, Siris, Philosophical Reflexions and inquiries concerning the virtues of tar-water, and divers other subjects connected together and arising from one another.) was convinced of the medicinal value of tar water. He even wrote a treatise on the matter, a “chain of philosophical reflections that start with tar and end with the Trinity”. Then he wrote a poem on tar. He called it:

On Tar
Hail vulgar juice of never-fading pine!
Cheap as thou art, thy virtues are divine.
To shew them and explain (such is thy store)
There needs much modern and much ancient lore.
While with slow pains we search the healing spell,
Those sparks of life, that in thy balsam dwell,
From lowest earth by gentle steps we rise
Through air, fire, æther to the highest skies …

(And so on and so forth)


To prevent mistakes in the making tar-water, the public is desired to take notice that Norway tar, which is liquid and of a brown colour, is fittest for this purpose. Four quarts of cold water having been poured on a quart of this tar, and strongly stirred together with a flat stick for three or four minutes, must, after it has stood eight and forty hours to settle, be poured off and kept for use either in battles or other vessels corked up.

The same tar will not do well a second time, but may serve for other uses. Water drawn off the tar the second or third time, if long stirred, may be as strong as the first water, but has not that spirit, and is more disagreeable to the stomach.

After various trials I fix on this as a good general rule, which may yet be varied as people have stronger or weaker stomachs.

Putting more water or stirring it less makes it weaker, as putting less water or stirring it longer gives it more strength. But it should never be made too strong for the stomach; weaker constitutions require milder medicines. For this everyone’s experience is the best guide. It should not be lighter than French or deeper coloured than Spanish white wine. If a spirit be not sensibly perceived on drinking, either the tar was bad or already used, or the tar-water carelessly made. He that would have it good should see it made himself.

Alteratives in general, taken little and often, mix best with the blood. Of tar-water one pint a day may do in chronical cases, drunk on an empty stomach either at two or four doses, to wit, night and morning and two or three hours after dinner or breakfast; but to children it should be given in less quantity. It may be drunk cold or warm, as anyone likes best, but in acute cases, as fevers of all kinds and pleurisies, it should be drunk warm and in bed, as much and as often as the patient can bear.

For instance, half-a-pint or even a whole pint every hour, which will be made easy by the heat and thirst of the patient. I never knew it fail in the most threatening fevers. For outward fomentations or for beasts to drink, it may be made much stronger by infusion of warm water.

I am persuaded tar-water may be drunk with great safety and success for the curing of most diseases, particularly all foul cases, ulcers and eruptions, scurvies of all kinds, nervous disorders, inflammatory distempers, decays, etc.

Tar Water, to make (1785)

Pour a gallon of water on two pounds of Norway tar, and stir them strongly together with a wooden rod: after they have stood to settle for two days, pour off the water for use.

Though tar-water falls greatly short of the character which has been given of it, yet it possesses some medicinal virtues. It sensibly raises the pulse, increases the secretions, and sometimes opens the body, or occasions vomiting.

A pint of it may be drank daily, or more, if the stomach can bear it. It is generally ordered to be taken on an empty stomach, viz. four ounces morning and evening., and the same quantity about two hours after breakfast and dinner.

William Buchan
Domestic Medicine 2nd edition 1785



Ghosts of Arizona, Paranormal Society

is registered with the State of Arizona.


Oops! This site has expired.

If you are the site owner, please renew your premium subscription or contact support.